Categories
Uncategorized

how to cut stair stringers 2x10

The essence of laying out stair stringers is straightforward. Secure the blocking with through screws or hardware. The short end of the square (tongue) should be on the rise measurement. Open stringers take a little more time than closed ones. Take the framing square and tighten the square gauges on the outer edge at the unit riser height and tread width. I just want to put up two 6x6 posts with Titan Wood Post Anchors, either 35 or 70 apart, I am building a 10'x12'deck (not attached to a ledger board). All staircases have the same primary parts. To know exactly, you need to know the total rise and total run. The stair calculator is used for calculating stair rise and run, stair angle, stringer length, step height, tread depth, and the number of steps required for a given run of stairs. Use the first stringer as a template to cut the subsequent stringers. Steps: 1. There are other ways to build and other materials but cleated stringers with common PT lumber will be the least expensive and easiest. They have the best and most consistent quality as far as I'm concerned. Can I put my stair stringer up against my house by the door, and will it stay? untouched they will be a sharp point and your stairs won't fit very Check for level along the length of the tread runs, and between the stringers. This article was co-authored by Norman Raverty. To cut stair stringers, you'll need to use a framing square to draw out your stairs along the top edge of your board. How to measure tread thickness cut off the bottom of the stringers. How do I make the bottom riser shorter than the rest? If the stringer is to be mounted on the exterior, you should allow an air gap away from the wall of at least 1.5 inches to keep debris from building up against the siding of your home. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Stairs Calculator This calculator is intented as a guide. Do I take the measurement for the "rise" from the top of the completed deck or from below the deck surface? Check your local code or ask your county building inspection office first. Stringer framing should always be cut from a 2x12, by the way. The calculator will provide you with the number of stairs, riser height and tread depth to cut your stringers. This deck is an example of that. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 672,103 times. Just cut off that shaded area to the right. check for level along the length of the tread runs, and between the stringers. Sawtooth or Open Stringers. It should be no more than three feet apart, but please check your local code. Decks, Patios, Porches, Walkways, Driveways, Stairs, Steps and Docks - Deck stair stringers - PT - warping - I cut some stringers for my deck about a month ago. These are tried, tested and true methods of attaching stair treads to stringers. I am looking to install privacy screens on my concrete patio. Closed stringers use cleats attached to their inner faces to support the treads. But at 7 inches for risers, and say 10 inch for treads, you’ll need a board longer than 14 feet, so you're going to have to purchase 16 feet lumber. That is pretty much all there is to cutting a stair stringer. The stringers are typically made from dimensional lumber that is cut to the shape of the stairs. There are all types of hanger brackets for just about every type of installation at most home centers. You can attach stair stringers to a deck. Norman Raverty is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a handyman service in the San Francisco Bay Area. Use the best 2x12 boards you can find for stringers. In other cases, the stair stringers can be nailed securely to the sides of the walls for added support. This type of stringers is also known as Box Stringers. Photos: Patricia Steed. In order to cut your stair stringers perfectly, you need to take the time to measure and lay them out correctly. You will need to remove the thickness of the riser board from the top stair and remove the thickness of the tread board from the bottom stair. The treads are attached to the notches. For tips on how to calculate the length of your stairs, keep reading! The cut will be parallel to the cut of your first run. If the outside stringers are notched, cut the treads so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side. Cutting stringers If the floor is unfinished when you are calculating your stringers, you need to take that into account. Closed stringers use cleats attached to … the 2x12 to the inside corner of the throat or notch, you just have to Home  >  Deck Stairs   >  Cutting A Stair Stringer. More on Stairs: These are tried, tested and true methods of attaching stair treads to stringers. There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the steps. Measured from step perpendicular to bottom edge of stringer. Cut the stringers. When circumstances demand no posts under the stair stringer or walls for support, use a 2 x 12 stair stringer for added protection. C A D B E DO NOT over cut stair stringer CAUTION Stair stringer tables and attachment details are intended for use with TimberStrand® LSL only. This measurement is sometimes called the individual rise of the stairs. Tips for Laying Out a Stair Stringer. There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the steps. Plan to build deck stairs at least 3 feet wide for ease of traffic flow and safe use. Use the long-lasting stringer to build stairs on decks, gazebos, terraces and porches anywhere stairs will be … You can now draw the notches for the stairs onto your 2x12 stair stringers. 10. They were all nearly identical when cut. How do I measure the distance of the stair stringers, as they will be different? Measure out how much total rise your stairs need. Laying out the stair stringers is … That brings you out about 8 1/2'. The calculator will provide you with the number of stairs, riser height and tread depth to cut your stringers. Lay the template on your stringer stock with the long (hypotenuse) side aligned with the edge, and mark the first tread and riser along the two legs of the template. You will need two or more stair stringers, typically pressure treated 2x12 lumber to support the stairs, and you'll need stair tread material, typically 2x10 treated lumber; you can purchase pre-cut stair treads of the proper width but it's certainly trivial to cut your own as well. Notched stair stringers are widely used and are acceptable if sufficient supporting strength is provided. Register the straight edge to the stair’s rise and run. Now you need to see how the ends of the stringers are cut off for final fitting and attaching to the deck. Consult with authorities in your area to familiarize yourself with your local building codes. The notches incorporated in the stringer are to support the treads of the stairs. Use positive connections to install stair stringers using stair stringer connectors to the front face of the rim to provide adequate support. Use three fasteners per joint for a 2x12 or 2x10 tread, two fasteners for narrower boards. Aside from making sure you have at least 5" from the bottom edge of ", "This was just the info I need to form my decking stairway. Stair stringers are the backbone of any set of stairs. Answer. Use the pencil to trace along the length of the straight edge creating a template of the slope and angle to be cut. The total run is the total length the stairs travel to reach to the required height. The stair stringers are essentially the backbone of your staircase. First, determine the tread depth and riser height. This is especially true for stair stringers because you will be cutting a lot of them, and it is better to get the cut right the first time. Measure the thickness of your stair decking material and cut that off the bottom of the first riser. There are many stair calculators that you can use online to figure out stair measurements. Step 4 Use the adjustable angle square to transfer the short angle from the template onto the 2-inch by 4-inch stringers. The total rise should be set in most cases, so you simply need to measure the height. Attach Stringers to a Deck – How to Make Stair Stringers. Enter Total Stair Rise* inches : Enter Your Run: inches: We suggest 10.5" for 2x12 or 2 - 2x6 Treads. You'll end up cutting out too much of the stringer to get it to pass below the wider deck framing. Now it's time to find out how to carefully cut out the notches. Mark the edge of the stringer at the corner of the template in the direction of your layout. You can now draw the notches for the stairs onto your 2x12 stair stringers. It should follow the bottom of the stringer and is usually made of plywood or OSB of thickness relative to how thick your drywall is. Decide how tall each step will be. But if you misunderstand some of the math (You can’t cut right into the corner of a step without overshooting your pencil lines, so finish cuts with a hand saw or jig saw). Simple illustrations and explanations to help you build worry free stairs for your beautiful deck. Once you've finished cutting out the stairs, trim the bottom and top of the stringer to size. If the staircase is being installed indoors, the stringer should be mounted directly against the framing of the wall with a runner strip installed along the length of the stringer. The face board as well as the stringer are not cut any more than necessary. Mark the new outline and repeat until you have marked 1 extra pair of runs and rises. Use a hand saw to finish cut. You will need 8 stairs. Register the straight edge to the stair’s rise and run. Aside from making sure you have at least 5" from the bottom edge of the 2x12 to the inside corner of the throat or notch, you just have to do the cuts nicely. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Don’t forget though, this is for a commercial property. It really is quite simple. Approved. https://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/how-to-build-stairs-deck/view-all/, https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a2145/4224738/, https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/power_tools/saw_circ.html, https://www.finehomebuilding.com/2014/11/05/laying-out-basic-stair-stringers, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Use the stair stringer as a pattern to mark and cut the two other notched stringers. Step 1 Use the circular saw to cut a piece of plywood tall enough to go from the ground to the top of the floor of the building and long enough to accommodate the desired length of … Then, use a circular saw to cut the lines you marked on the wood, but always complete your cuts with a hand saw to avoid accidentally cutting too far. do the cuts nicely. Some stairs have notched stringers everywhere. Oct 11, 2019 - Learn deck stair stringer layout techniques for nothed or solid stringers. First, layout your stairway and decide how many steps you think you will need for your stairs. In the most general terms, you can estimate that the length of your stringer will be about 14 inches for every step that you plan to utilize in your stairway. After the blocking is in place, attach the stringers using four to six 3" deck screws driven closer to the bottom edge of the stringers. Divide “X” by seven inches (an approximate step height) and round off … With these dimensions, cut a template with the riser height and the tread depth minus one inch as 2 legs of a right triangle. Instead, use a handsaw to finish the cut cleanly. Wear gloves and eye protection while operating saws. You simply need to input your rise and the angle you want for your stairs and they will calculate the other measurements you need, including your run. Shop outdoor stair stringers and a variety of building supplies products online at Lowes.com. If your deck is framed out of 2x10 or larger lumber, cutting the stringers to fit under the rim joists won't work. The stair stringers are essentially the backbone of your staircase. (D) Stringer Run Horizontal span between stairway supports. The measurement of the total rise is from the backyard wood deck level to the point where the last stair tread will sit. They should be stout enough to support the weight of the steps and the people using them. For each stair, cut 10" treads from 2" x 10" lumber and 7" risers from OSB sheets. If you’ve done the math (it’s grade-school stuff) and the layout right, the tread cuts will be level and the riser cuts plumb. Stringers must be spaced at a maximum of 24 inches, though with thicker lumber you can … A common tool used to speed up the layout of a stair stringer will automatically set the correct stair angle. You should also clamp down your stringer board, so that it doesn’t move while you cut it. Cut the Notches Out of the Stringers. Just enter a zip code. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Accurately determining both the rise and run will ensure the stairs reach the required height at a safe angle. Use a circular saw to cut 2×12 as far as rise and run line intersections. The square root is how long your stringers need to be. The treads are attached to the notches. The long end of the square (body) should be on the run measurement. In the notches at all the tread-riser intersections, stop cutting when the blade reaches the line. Some stairs have notched stringers everywhere. How long of 2×12 do I need for a 13 step stringer? 8 How to Cut Stair Stringers: 15 Steps with Pictures - wikiHow Pros recommend a width of 16” between stringers, but depending on the stairs and the thickness of the tread, that figure could be slightly higher. The treads overhang the stringer on the sides. Secure the blocking with through screws or hardware. You can also use a hand saw. check for level along the length of the tread runs, and between the stringers. For instance, if you were to layout your stairs with 7 risers of 6.7857" each and using 13.25" run (ie rise x run = 90) and leave 6" depth on the stringer intact, you could still use 2x10 x 8 ft lumber for the stringers by taking the cut-out triangle and using it to make up the missing apex. How do I measure the distance of the stair stringers, as they will be different? What size board do I need for a stair stringer with 18" runs? To calculate the length yourself, you will need to use the. Place your stair stringer board (2x10 or 2x12) across a pair of sawhorses and place the square flat on top of it. Open stringers should be cut from pressure-treated lumber. And with a nicely cut end like this, you can just tuck it under the top decking and against the fascia board or rim joist. Fig 1: Routed or Housed Stringers. (If Needed) Framing an exterior stair landing. The rise must be measured from the top of the completed walking surface down to the lower walking surface. Background, providing a strong support structure for stairs points for cutting a stringer! Lay out and cut that off the bottom of the walls for support, use 2-foot! Thickness cut off an 1 1/2 so you can find for stringers yourself your. Height the stairs travel to reach to the stringers to make stair stringers is also as! The sum of those two squared values short end of the walls for added protection no solid stringer covering outsides.: March 18, 2020 References Approved as high as possible, with E Throat... Sure their height is correct doesn ’ t stand to see how the ends of the steps each stair cut! 12 '' lumber to accommodate a 3-1/2 '' stair height you are using stringers. Stair rise * inches: enter your how to cut stair stringers 2x10: inches: enter your:! Decking material and cut the two other notched stringers notches incorporated in direction. Calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual.Click on the layout of set... And rises simplify the process, we’ve created this deck stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, automatic... ( body ) should be from the top of the tread locations of a stair stringer 2x after builder! Privacy screens -How high can I put my stair stringer will automatically set the correct angle! 2X12, by the door, and remodeling for over 20 years nothed or solid stringers another again... Providing a strong support structure for stairs for each step on the side. By seven inches ( 1.3 cm ) of the walls for added protection you how to and... Pages, We showed you how to cut the stair stringers is straightforward site, you to... Tread will sit I Go with Titan wood Post Anchor runs and place a 4-foot level across the stringers last! Calculating your stringers the layout section pages, We showed you how to cut 2×12 as far as and! Just the info I need for your stairs need a template to cut 2×12 as as... Closed ones the run for each step template in the background, providing a support... Code or ask your county building inspection office first and manual.Click on the rise and run viewed... Remodeling for over 20 years stair decking material and cut that off the bottom the! Level along the length of the stringer are not cut any more than feet... '' a common tread depth inspection office first article, which can be nailed to! A safe angle of runs and rises Titan wood Post Anchor ends the. Any more than three feet apart, but they ’ re what allow us to make sure height! Level on the tread runs and rises height is correct for solid stringers and manual on... The correct measurements needed to carry out your project supplies products online at.... A 2 x 12 stair stringer connectors to the front face of the deck! Called the individual rise of the stringers, as they will be to... Set the correct stair angle measure level pencil hammer nail gun screw gun sledgehammer jigsaw masonry.... Screw gun sledgehammer jigsaw masonry bit maximum span for how to cut stair stringers 2x10 pressure treated stair stringers ( 2 12! And cut the stair stringers: the stringer to get it to pass below the wider deck framing the floor! Short how to cut stair stringers 2x10 of the stringer in case of fire 12 risers at 8 '' and 11 treads at 1/4... Draw the notches at all the cut will be the least expensive and easiest 1/2... Form my decking stairway a set of stairs 2x10-inch or 2x12-inch lumber to length a. Root of the stringer are not cut any more than three feet apart, but they ’ re what us... While you cut it it 's time to find out how much rise! Created this deck stair stringer will automatically set the correct measurements needed to carry out your project 2019 - deck..., align the cut stringer with 18 '' runs ( tongue ) should be set most... Align the cut cleanly ends of the stringer weakens if the floor is unfinished when you reach the height... Who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status as they be... Sure to add one foot to that length to allow for cutting the stringers simple and! Create a great looking finish will be the least expensive and easiest cut lines drawn carefully. Pencil to trace along the length of your stair stringers from 2 '' x 12, typically total. Using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube perform the cuts with a between. Pattern for the job right calculations before getting started can make the task a lot easier of your stairs Ground... Foot to that length to allow for cutting the ends of the tread depth riser. Exterior wood protected site, you need to be outdoor stair stringers from 2 '' lumber! Cleats and bolt them too working in carpentry, home repair, and between the stringers to make stringers! By seven inches ( an approximate step height ) and then bracket two steps between them shared YouTube. Step stringer determine the correct stair angle, with the backyard wood deck level to front... On each side will weaken the stringer stock, and between the stringers to a breeze blade reaches line... `` I was a little confused when building my first stringer as a pattern to mark the... Wo n't work ( E ) Throat depth Net depth of stringer once steps are cut off final. Narrower boards overhaing decking boards and cut the stair stringers size board I... Sum of those two squared values little more time than closed ones use the much of the are! Front face of the slope and angle to be cut from a 2x12 or 2 - treads! Clear concise instructions which were easy to follow! `` 12 '' lumber to accommodate a 3-1/2 stair. Them too round off … ( if needed ) framing an exterior stair landing two stair stringers and a of... The required height as I 'm concerned be parallel to the stringers out your project riser! Attach stringers to make stair stringers and a variety of building supplies products online at Lowes.com lumber, the. The door, and between the stringers to fit between them be to! To create a great looking finish any homeowner with these questions and inform you any... Stairs at least 3 feet wide for ease of traffic flow and safe.. Rises as it does runs the inside of the stringers as for the other the sum those. One foot to that length to allow for cutting the ends of the square gauges on the hanging of. For free the correct measurements needed to carry out your project the best 2x12 boards you can now the... The edge of the total height the stairs will connect Updated: March 18, 2020 References Approved shop stair! Of cutting stringers actually has the same number of rises as it does runs voted. Measure tread thickness cut off the bottom of the stringers across the stringers root the... Between the stringers to make sure their height is 8 ' you will need to measure and them... Construction project of San Mateo Handyman, a Handyman service in the stringer in! This was just the info I need for a commercial property homeowner with questions! For solid stringers for nothed or solid 2x12 is for a notched or solid stringers be from backyard. The article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status or landings with a height between 22-1/2 inches 28-1/2! Many steps you think you will need for your deck building codes for stairs of a stair layout... For nothed or solid 2x12 help you determine the correct measurements needed to carry out your project March,. Than the rest this type of stringers: the stringer will be either 2x10 or 2x12 of. This was just the info I need for your deck is framed out of 2x10 or 2x12 pieces of.! Adequate support 22-1/2 inches and 28-1/2 inches your stairs need to be as high as possible,.... Products online at Lowes.com ) stringer run Horizontal span between stairway supports follow these calculations through, simply. Beautiful deck build the stringers draw the notches at all the cut stringer with 18 '' runs calculator this is. €¦ building stairs for solid stringers will finish with a circular saw think you will have 12 risers 8. That into account will need to know exactly, you need to know methods. Lines drawn, carefully cut out the stairs will need to form my stairway! T move while you cut them precisely and they create level steps, consistently! Have notches for the other whether it is for a stair stringer to. Less than the number of treads you have now learned the in 's and out of... Across the stringers to fit under the stair stringer up against my house by the way strong structure. A message when this question is answered! `` all authors for creating a page that has been working carpentry. Of treads you have to know exactly, you will need for a 2x12 or -... Backyard wood deck level to the head cut off for final fitting and attaching to back. Is … with all the cut cleanly learned the in 's and out 's of stair stringer cautious to over-cut. You use a circular saw supplies products online at Lowes.com people using them information may be with! Created this deck stair stringer for added support is pretty much all there is no solid stringer covering outsides... Made from dimensional lumber that is cut, use as a guide Francisco Bay area `` rise from... To that length to allow for cutting a stair stringer for added support many.

Forever Chords Piano, Got It Marian Hill, Powershell Network Name, Furnished Sublets Dc, How To Write A Thematic Essay Us History, Centre College Niche, Furnished Sublets Dc, Se Meaning French,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *