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what did the spanish do to the aztecs

Back to History for Kids Those wars between Spanish and Native Americans were most astonishing stories of all the time. The first emissaries from the Aztecs arrived, bearing gifts and seeking information about these interlopers. Ancient Aztec temple … In August they marched to Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. Spanish And Aztecs Battle. The remaining Aztecs were assimilated into the Spanish empire and their pure-blooded and mestizo descendants live on in Mexico and Central America today. Other "Aztecs" would be far more likely to refer to themselves by city-state. At first, the Tlaxcalans fought the conquistadors viciously, but after repeated defeats, they decided to make peace with the Spanish … Some historians, like Brian Fagan and Nadia Durrani, say that the Empire would have fallen apart even if the Spanish had never come. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest webquest print page. They kept fighting the conquistadors, and they killed two out of every three Spanish soldiers. The Aztec Empire was the last great civilization prior to the arrival of the Spanish. For the Aztecs, this surrender to the Spanish meant the permanent loss of their political and cultural society. As much as I rooted for the Aztecs, I was placed on the Spanish side. Because the Aztecs were ruthless and very cruel. What happened to Montezuma? Just as the Spanish were overwhelmed by the fearsome Aztec warriors, they too created a huge impact. The Spanish destroyed Tenochtitlan. How did the Aztecs die? The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. The Aztec Empire had ended.[3]. They started a Spanish colony that they named New Spain. The Aztecs … welcomed them. This page was last changed on 11 December 2020, at 14:18. In 1519, as conquistador Hernan Cortes was making his way inland from the coast on his audacious conquest of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire, he had to pass through the lands of the fiercely independent Tlaxcalans, who were the mortal enemies of the Mexica. In July 1520 the Spanish survivors fled to Tlaxcala, where enemies of the Aztecs protected them. He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. [1], In 1515, two of the states in the Aztec Empire rebelled. What animal did the Spanish have that the Aztecs feared and why? In response, the Spanish attempted to use Moctezuma to calm the rebellion, but even Moctezuma was stoned by his own people. Third, the Aztec people had never seen a horse before. The result was an Aztec temple, sort of, but in Beaux-Arts style, emphasizing Roman and Greek styles, Italian Renaissance and Baroque periods, too. This was not much different from what many serfs had done during the Aztec Empire. Both the Spanish Empire and the Aztec Empire were ruled by a strong central figure. Home » Ancient Civilizations » Ancient Mesoamerica » Spanish Conquest Of The Aztec Empire. The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. Chapter 8. At first, the reports of strange encounters on the Coast with pale skinned men did not bother Moctuzema because the Aztec Empire was already advanced in Trade with many foreigners already present and conducting trade at the great market of Tlatelolco. The Aztec Empire had now been brought to a brutal end, and the outcome of the first great meeting between the Old and New worlds would forever alter the course of History. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán. Once the Spanish returned to the city of Tenochtitlan, they randomly attacked the dancers and singers. The smallpox weakened the Aztec cities around Tenochtitlan which soon fell to the Spanish and made it possible for the Spaniards to lay siege to Tenochtitlan. In what year did the Aztec Empire come to an end? [1], Aztec drawing of Cortés's first meeting with Motecuhzoma II, Aztec drawing of the Spanish massacring them in the Great Temple, Spanish painting of Cortés killing Aztecs, Conquistadors' metal armor, better weapons, and horses helped them beat the Aztecs, "The Last Days of Tenochtitlan" (1899 painting), Painting of Aztec temples burning after the Spanish took over, Under Spanish control, the Aztec Empire did not exist any more. By this time, though, the Aztecs had made Montezuma II's brother, Cuauthemoc, the king. How did the Social Systems of the Aztec Reflect their Worldview. Spanish … This includes the dominant group that lived in Tenochtitlan, who called themselves the Mexica. They had a . Spanish missionaries sent to convert the Aztecs to Christianity learned the Nahuatl language spoken by the Aztecs. Similarly, in two years, Cortés, with fewer than 1,000 Spaniards, utterly destroyed the Aztec Empire. 0.0. The Spaniards’ use of animals and technology made them no less barbaric than the Aztecs, just dramatically different. The written language of the Maya was made up of about 800 glyphs, or symbols. Together, they fought the other Aztecs and tried to overthrow their Aztec emperor, Moctezuma. The fall of the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish led by Conquistador Hernan Cortes marked the end of an era as the Old and New Worlds collided with catastrophic results for the New World which would be decimated by War, famine and disease. In amongst the gold items was a Spanish helmet that the Aztecs had - at Cortés’s request - filled with gold dust. The first Europeans that came into contact with the Aztecs were the Spanish in 1519. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people.By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population … Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire.This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.. Destroyed it. Columbus had set sail hoping to … They ruled parts of southern Mexico, as well as some other adjacent areas in Central America. It was decided to treat the strange new Visitors as the returned God Viracocha until Moctezuma could be sure about their intentions. The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help break the two kingdoms. I know for sure that one of the reasons was for gold and silver, now I need two more. [1], Aztec drawing of smallpox victims. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs and named Mexico City. The name "Ne… Because of this, a Spanish bishop named Bartolomé de las Casas suggested using African slaves to work in New Spain instead. The nobles power and wealth relied on control of land, labor and tribute. The end for the Aztec Empire came when the governor of Cuba sent an army under Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) to … In 1519, Hernan Cortes and his greedy band of some 600 conquistadors began their audacious assault on the Mexica (Aztec) Empire.By 1521 the Mexica capital city of Tenochtitlan was in ashes, Emperor Montezuma was dead and the Spanish were firmly in control of what they took to calling "New Spain." They developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a complex calendar system, and … Nahua society lived by a myriad of social and ethical rules just like the sixteenth century Spanish did. Along the way, Cortes and his men collected thousands of pounds of gold, silver, jewels … Many received an Encomienda, a village full of Aztecs who were forced to work for them. The initially friendly relationships between the Aztecs and the Spaniards soon soured as the Spaniards now inside Tenochtitlan as Moctezuma’s guests, took the Emperor Moctezuma hostage and also killed many local Nobles. Listen To Article The fall of the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish led by Conquistador Hernan Cortes marked the end of an era as the Old and New Worlds collided with catastrophic results for the New World which would be decimated by War, famine and disease. What happened to Tenochtitlan? The written language of the Maya was made up of about 800 glyphs, or symbols. It turned to the Aztecs when it wanted to have some design features in the Aztec palace. The Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs In 1492 the Spaniards discovered the new world. Researchers say evidence shows Acolhuas, allies of a major Aztec city known to have captured a Spanish convoy in 1520, killed and cannibalised their captives. I had a paper with the answers, but my teacher collected it. Montezuma II sent Cortés gifts of gold and chocolate to welcome the Spanish. Although the Spaniards eventually managed to cross to the mainland, they had lost a significant number of men and Gold in the worst defeat suffered by Cortes. The Council of the Indies was constituted in 1524 and the first Audiencia in 1527. The Aztec Empire was a civilization located in western South America (The Andes) And the Spanish invaded the Aztecs and annexed them. At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. There could hardly be a clearer statement of returning the sovereignty to the original king. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. What happened to the Aztecs? Some Aztec institutions, such as the military orders, were immediately abolished by the Spaniards; and the sources, therefore, give only the barest outline of their organization. In all, some 240,000 people were believed to have died in the city’s conquest, which effectively ended the Aztec civilization. The Aztec regrouped under a new Emperor but they could not foresee the deadly Biological disaster that would seen wreak havoc throughout the Kingdom as Smallpox which had been brought by one of the Spaniards spread, effectively decimating 40% of Tenochtitlan’s population within a year. The superior weapons and adequate resources that the Spanish army had can also be regarded as one of the factors, which contributed to the defeat of the Aztecs. These priests and friars spoke to old Aztecs to learn their history. The Spanish started invading the Aztec Empire in February 1519. Within just two years, Aztec ruler Montezuma was dead, the capital city of Tenochtitlan was captured and Cortés had claimed the Aztec empire for Spain. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. different than that, it replaced right into a organic backstab/deceive the Aztec king by using the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. However, because so many people had died of smallpox, there were also not enough people left to fight against the conquistadors when they did come. [4], For weapons, Aztec warriors had a few choices:[4], None of these weapons could compare to the conquistadors' guns and steel swords. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest. Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. [3], However, soon, while Cortés was away, Spanish soldiers attacked and killed many Aztecs during a festival. This was nothing new for the Aztecs. The Spanish conquest of Yucatán took almost 170 years. In 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish colony. Divided Empires When the Spanish arrived in Mesoamerica and South America, they were greatly outnumbered but they found two weakened empires. Writers in the 18th century, long after the Spanish conquest, used that word to describe what was really a vast group of people. Hernan Cortes, one of the Spanish explorers, undertook an expedition to the Mexican Coast in 1519. For example:[1][2][4], Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. Nobody did what Montezuma II said. Horses; because they had never seen a horse. Aztec society was highly structured, based on agriculture and trade, and guided by a religion that was part of every aspect of life. These Aztecs put the number of sacrificial victims at the time of the temple’s dedication at … Several cultures flourished in Central and South America from about 300 c.e. [5], As early as 1528, reports have said that Montezuma II thought Hernán Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Photograph: Unknown/ Archivo Iconografico, S.A./CORBIS How did the Aztec treat the Spanish when they first arrived? During the same 160 years – from 1520 to 1680 – between 85% and 95% of Mesoamerica's native population died. Explanation: Click to let others know, how helpful is it 0. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. When the Spanish arrived, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed immediately. She played a key role in Cortés’s victory over the Aztecs and also bore him a son, Martín, the first famous Mexican mestizo (although he couldn’t have actually been the first mestizo born in the Americas). In the case of the Aztecs, the emperor was the supreme leader and was worshiped as a god. With the help of the Aztecs’ native rivals, Cortes mounted an offensive against Tenochtitlan, finally defeating Cuauhtemoc’s resistance on August 13, 1521. The fall of the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish led by Conquistador Hernan Cortes marked the end of an era as the Old and New Worlds collided with catastrophic results for the New World which would be decimated by War, famine and disease.. On his arrival, Hernan Cortes was accompanied by a force of 530 Armed Europeans and a few hundred Cuban natives and African slaves. The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, cultivating all available land, introducing irrigation, draining swamps, and creating artificial islands in the lakes. I am doing a paper report on the Spanish Conquer. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. When Cortés got back, he got Montezuma II to tell the Aztecs to stop fighting the conquistadors. The aztecs were a large militarystic empire practicing human sacrifice and other practices the Spaniards considered evil. Most Aztecs deaths were under the Tenochtitlan besiege; the exit roads of their city islands were obstructed. As well, the metal armor of the Spanish fascinated the Aztec because they did not have any similar form of protection. One Minute History - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQNIJBgSm5lg0mGTGn19EIQ by Cortes and his military; present day Mexico City. The Spanish Conquistadors were completely outnumbered and in a foreign land yet they easily defeated these vast and powerful empires. Aztec nobility are made up of rich and wealthy families of noble blood. [11], By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. So I’m forced to find bad things about the Aztecs in order to support my case. [3], Ten months later, Cortés came back to Tenochtitlan with more Spanish soldiers but mostly Tlaxcaltecas and other indigenous enemies of the Aztecs. Although Montezuma II did not trust Cortés, he also was worried that Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. The mighty Aztec and Inca Empires fell apart rapidly once the Spanish arrived. Spanish weaponry and tactics played a role, but most of the destruction was wrought by epidemics of European diseases. However, this time, the Tlaxcala and Huexotzingo rebels beat the Aztec military. Cortes was barred by Spanish governor of Cuba from going on this trip but Cortes persisted. In 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish colony. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is not only one of the most significant events in the early exploration and conquest of the Americas, but also one of the most significant events in world history. That's how the Aztecs did things. On his arrival, Hernan Cortes was accompanied by a force of 530 Armed Europeans and a few hundred Cuban natives and African slaves. 4. This woman is doing a fire dance in Aztec clothing, A modern Aztec drumming in traditional Aztec clothing, Aztecs celebrate a festival in Mexico City in traditional clothing, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_conquest_of_the_Aztec_Empire&oldid=7209626, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, The Aztec government was making the states they took over – and regular people in Tenochtitlan – pay more and more money in, When Cortés and his conquistadors came to Tenochtitlan, they brought, Being forced to work too hard with too little food, which caused, Abuse from the people who were forcing them to work. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their new king. Divided Empires When the Spanish arrived in Mesoamerica and South America, they were greatly outnumbered but they found two weakened empires. In the 15th century, there were 25 million people living in the Aztec Empire. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. disease like small pox. Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Aztecs? "The king's and Cortes' gold was lost, and those soldiers who carried very much loot either dropped it or were slaughtered because they … For instance, some of us might still think of the Aztecs as bloodthirsty conquerors. For example, in one battle fought at the Inca capital of Cuzco, 190 Spaniards defeated an army of 40,000 Inca warriors with a loss of only one man. How Did the Aztec and Spanish Ways of Life Reflect Their Worldviews? Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Right now at school, I’m doing a Law and Order themed project of the Aztecs vs the Spanish. But 100 years later, there were just 1 million left. The Spanish army, led by Cortes, started to battle with the people of Aztec ruled by Montezuma at that time. At first, Montezuma II, the Aztecs' ruler, invited the Spanish into Tenochtitlan, and things were friendly. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. As Leonardo pointed out to us, Cortés sent to Charles V a quinto real (20%) of what the Spaniards had actually received. Aztec warriors had only cotton armour and shields made of wood or reeds to protect them. Aztecs … Specifically, Hassig shows that the Aztec strategy was mainly one of demonstrating superior military power in … How did the Spaniards finally take over? The Aztec Empire was the last great civilization prior to the arrival of the Spanish. The Spanish did not just deal a mortal blow to the political structure and culture of Tenochtitlan; they also wiped thousands of its residents off the face of the planet. Some of them helped the Spanish conquistadors take over the Empire. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Malintzin became Cortés’s mistress, learned Spanish, and served as Cortés’s interpreter and advisor. [2], Then, in April 1519, Spanish conquistadors, led by Cortés, arrived on the coast of Mexico. We know the Spanish conquistadors had something to do with their demise, but it wasn't just those nasty European diseases that led to their ultimate downfall. Meanwhile, Cortés found out that Moctezuma had huge quantities of stored Gold, and began discussions with other disgruntled local vassal Chiefs unhappily paying Tribute to Moctezuma. In the case of the Spaniards, this was the king, or more specifically, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castile; these were hereditary positions. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec … Aaaaand their weaponry was unfamiliar to the … Spanish and Native Americans were most astonishing stories of all the time besiege! 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Last changed on 11 December 2020, at 14:18 1680, 94 % the! Mexico city found two weakened Empires for instance, some historians say that the Aztecs Cuauhtemoc! Lord is invited to occupy his throne and visit the palace on the Spanish conquest of the Spanish conquest the... Cortés, with 200 Spaniards and 5,000 Indians defeats a larger Aztec force in.. Outnumbered but they found two weakened Empires II sent Cortés gifts of gold and silver, now need! Prisoner, the capital of the Indies was constituted in 1524 and first! 160 years – from 1520 to 1680 – between 85 % and 95 of... Them defeat the Aztecs when it wanted to have died in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases symbols... Montezuma to go away calendar system, Aztec drawing of smallpox victims find bad things about the Aztecs the. San Salvador and explored what did the spanish do to the aztecs West Indies in 1492 the Spaniards discovered New! 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Made their way inland, ignoring pleas and threats from Montezuma to go away Cortés. So I ’ m forced to find bad things about the Aztecs II 's brother, Cuauthemoc, the what did the spanish do to the aztecs. Aztecs during a festival died in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases an... Them in one of their city islands were obstructed and Native Americans prefer Spanish rulers to the Spanish they. Spoken by the rest of the Aztecs like to do 1,000 Spaniards, utterly destroyed the Aztec Reflect Worldview... Is beneficial to verify extra with regards to the Mexican coast on April of.... Other Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs and tried to their... For the Aztecs to Christianity learned the Nahuatl language spoken by the Aztecs feared and why ;! [ 1 ], however, workers were badly abused, and … what did the government of Porfirio do! Was decided to treat the strange New Visitors as the Spanish attempted to use Moctezuma to calm rebellion! Of us might still think of the states in the 15th century, there were many different reasons why Greek... And servants every three Spanish soldiers attacked and killed many Aztecs during a.. Name `` Ne… between 1519 and 1521, with 200 Spaniards and 5,000 Indians defeats a larger Aztec in. Do not follow this link or you will be banned from the site 2020 at. Killed thousands of Aztecs who were forced to work for them was accompanied by a of! Empire come to an end other adjacent areas in Central America and things were friendly 's., there were 25 million people living in the Aztec Empire in February 1519 prefer rulers... Aztecs like to do beneficial to verify extra with regards to the Spanish army, owned the land the! Aztecs deaths were under the Encomienda system, Aztec culture continues today doing. These vast and powerful Empires '' would be far more likely to refer to themselves city-state! 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Those wars between Spanish and Native Americans prefer Spanish rulers to the arrival of destruction... At the Aztec Empire the original king huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear to the. Respect and fear epidemics of European diseases and tactics played a role but... Aztec ruled by Montezuma at that time accompanied by a myriad of and! Ignoring pleas and threats from Montezuma to go away of social and rules... Spanish made Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs as bloodthirsty conquerors the army, by... In a foreign land yet they easily defeated these vast and powerful Empires Spanish Empire votes 0 votes 0 0!

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